Breaking Secure Boot on Google Nest Hub (2nd Gen) to run Ubuntu

Posted on Wed 15 June 2022 in Article • Tagged with arm, amlogic, bootloader, exploit, nest, secureboot, uboot, ubuntu, usb

In this post, we attack the Nest Hub (2nd Gen), an always-connected smart home display from Google, in order to boot a custom OS.

First, we explore both hardware and software attack surface in search of security vulnerabilities that could permit arbitrary code execution on the device.

Then, using a …

Continue reading

Booting Ubuntu on Google Chromecast With Google TV

Posted on Mon 29 November 2021 in Article • Tagged with arm, amlogic, bootloader, bootrom, chromecast, uboot, ubuntu, usb

In a previous post, we detailed a vulnerability in the Amlogic System-On-Chip bootROM that allows arbitrary code execution at EL3. Since the Chromecast with Google TV (CCwGTV) is one of the devices affected by this issue, it opens the possibility to run a custom OS like Ubuntu.

This post describes …

Continue reading

Dump Amlogic S905D3 BootROM from Khadas VIM3L board

Posted on Tue 09 February 2021 in Article • Tagged with arm, amlogic, bootloader, bootrom, khadas, vim3l

This post describes how to dump bootROM from Amlogic S905D3 SoC using Khadas VIM3L board. Since this board doesn't use Secure Boot, we can execute custom code in Secure World (a.k.a TrustZone) without exploiting any vulnerability. In addition, the board exposes an UART connector, which is convenient for …

Continue reading

Emulating Exynos 4210 BootROM in QEMU

Posted on Wed 07 March 2018 in Article • Tagged with arm, exynos, samsung, bootrom, qemu, emulation, bootloader, secureboot

QEMU has support for the SMDKC210 machine, an ARM board based on Exynos 4210 SoC. Peripherals implemented in QEMU for this machine are UART, SDHCI, FIMD, I2C, Interrupt Combiner, GIC, Clock, PMU, RNG, MCT, PWM, RTC.

Samsung Galaxy S2 phone is also based on Exynos 4210, so it should be …

Continue reading

SVE-2016-7930: Multiple buffer overflows in Samsung Galaxy bootloader

Posted on Sun 23 July 2017 in Advisory • Tagged with vulnerability, advisory, samsung, cellebrite, bootloader, exploit, firmware, security, usb, arm, odin


On October 21st 2015, mobile forensics company Cellebrite published a video that demonstrates how their solution can dump eMMC of Samsung Galaxy devices :

This video strongly suggests that Samsung Galaxy bootloader can be exploited to execute arbitrary code.


Several bugs in Samsung Galaxy bootloader allow an attacker with …

Continue reading